DIVISION OF ATOMIC ENERGY
The main objectives of DAE are as follows:
- To carry out research works for the development of nuclear technology in the country
- To carry out research, development and training in the field of atomic energy
- To protect radiation hazards or to implement nuclear radiation protection
- To coordinate with Government and Private Sectors for their nuclear technology applications and promotion
Facilities and Services
Radiation Measurement Laboratory
This facility is equipped with radiation detectors, spectrometer for high resolution spectrometry, X-ray fluorescence analysis (using both isotope sources and tube excitation), air samples for environmental monitoring.
-For Trade Network
(Trigger List and Dual Use Items)
Laws and regulation
Atomic Energy Law
Nuclear Safety Law[draft]
Nuclear Research and Application Law[draft]
International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA)
Myanmar's Nuclear Past and A Nonproliferation Success History
Myanmar Ratified the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and the Convention on Nuclear Safety
Permanent Representative and Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Vienna H.E. U San Lwin deposited Myanmar’s Instrument of Ratification on the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and Instrument of Accession on the Convention on Nuclear Safety to the Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency H.E. Mr. Yukiya Amano, on 6-12-2016.
Radiation Technology, The Industrial Revolution Behind The Scenes
Non-destructive testing (NDT) using nuclear techniques involves ionizing radiation to test the quality of materials and products (see The Science box). The technique used in Myanmar is called gamma process tomography and is based on the differential absorption in different materials of gamma rays emitted from a radioactive source. Since 2013, the IAEA has helped Myanmar’s Department of Atomic Energy to purchase the necessary equipment and build the expertise of its staff in using the technique. Department of Atomic Energy experts regularly perform NDT in the Thanlyin oil refinery near Yangon to inspect the quality of the pipes and of the products flowing through them. “Nuclear science and technology play a major role in bringing innovation and efficiency to industrial processes,” said Meera Venkatesh, Director of the Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences at the IAEA. “Myanmar provides a great example of how low-income countries, too, can take advantage of this technology.”
Oil pipes, boilers, pressure vessels, buildings, aircraft equipment and ships are just some of the products being quality tested using this technique around the world, and Myanmar’s Department of Atomic Energy is taking steps to spread its use, said Ingyin Phyu, the scientist in charge of the Department’s NDT laboratory. “NDT inspections, including those using nuclear applications, are crucial for quality control in a variety of industrial fields in Myanmar,” she said. Technical staff of Myanmar Railways, Myanmar Shipyards, Yangon Technological University and private companies have recently received training in the use of the technique and have already begun to employ it in a wide range of activities, including on construction sites, in dockyards, on locomotives and at the country’s largest amusement park.
To read more
To read IAEA BULLETIN
Naypidaw, Myanmar and Gabarone, Botswana – Experts in a growing number of countries are using a nuclear technique to help farmers increase crop yields, optimize fertilizer use and evaluate varieties of rice, cereals and vegetables for their efficiency in making the best use of fertilizers and adapt agriculture practices to changing climate conditions.
Research has shown that less than 40% of the fertilizer applied globally is taken up by crops, while the remaining 60% is either lost to the atmosphere or to groundwater, or is left in the soil in a form that cannot be taken up by the crop.
“We have cut fertilizer use by around a quarter on the half-acre plot where I tried the new rice variety,” said farmer U Kyaw Lay, from the central village of Thar Yar Su, Myanmar. “This represents an important saving for me and my family.” In the next growing season, Lay said, he will devote more of his land to this particular rice variety, which he said was also tastier than the kind traditionally used.
Division of Atomic EnergyMyanmar's interest in nuclear energy for peaceful purpose is longstanding. As early as 1956, an atomic Energy Division was established in the Union of Burma Applied Research Institute (UBARI).
The UBARI was recognized as the Central Research Organization (CRO) which again got a chance to the new name of Myanmar Scientific and Technological Research Department (MSTRD). Until 1997, the AEC existed all along as a division under the UBARI, CRO and MSTRD. In 1997, DAE was established as a new seperate Government Department by combining the Atomic Energy Research Department and the Research Policy Direction Board.
- International cooperation on nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
- Coordianation with IAEA members and Asia Pacific regions for Nuclear Safeguards, Security and Safety
- Studying of convention on the physical protection of nuclear material and facilities
- Continuing CBRN projects with IAEA and EU-CoE
- Inspection and checking of radiation sources and irradiation appratus around our country
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Training and human resources
The DAE is composed with four departments:
- Radiation Protection Department
- Radiation Application Department
- Reactor and Isotopes Department
- Administration and Finance Department
- The current strength of those departments is about 200 employees of which 25% are trainees.
KNOWLEDGE AND ARTICLES
- A Handbook for the IAEA Model AP Annex II.en
- Guidelines and Format for Preparation and Submission of Declarations
- Handbook of Internatinal Nuclear Safeguards
- Nuclear Trade Export Import Control of Specified Non Nuclear Material and Equipment.en
- CBRN Projects in Myanmar